What is Atash nu Parabh?
ADAR – The ninth month of the year in the Parsi calendar is dedicated to Adar Yazad. The word Adar means fire. It is another word for atar. Hence, ‘Adar’ mahino (month) and Adar Roj (day) is celebrated by Zoroastrians as the Feast of Fire and is also referred to as Atash nu Parabh.
It is believed that on this day, both – Ardibehesht Ameshaspand and Adar Yazad visit our home to bless the house fire and its family members at night. Hence we need to prepare the kitchen and the house to welcome these Ameshaspands (the guardian angels) the day before, on Dae-Pa-Adar Roj.
- Post lunch on Dae-Pa-Adar roj, the kitchen is cleaned and the Afarganyu is lite with sandal wood. Water is sprinkled round the stove and wiped cleaned with a wet cloth.
- Chalk patterns (rangoli) are put around the stove or the fire place, making 7 or 9 designs and “tili” (a round spot made with kum kum) done to the stove or fire place and on the wall behind.
- Mix Kum-kum,haldi and water to make a paste and write “Pak Dadar Hormuzd ni madad hojo ji” or “Khshnaothra Ahurahe Mazdao” on the wall and then draw below it, a fire in an afarganyu (the silver vase holding the lite fire), a chippyo (a pair of tongs) and a flat chamach (a round spatula) , a small square with a diagonal cross as shown in the picture, as symbols of the fire service.
- Place a garland on stove, ses, kitchen door and front door.
- A farohar can also be drawn on the wall
- Place a vase of flowers, a beaker of water, milk, wine and special food such a papri, malido/ravo, sev on one side.
- In a separate ses place soparo (a triangle of sugar), gulabdan, kum-kum holder, silver fish and grains of dry rice, sakkar (cubes of raw sugar), rose water in the gulabdan and a divo. (an oil lamp)
- In a khumcho (a silver tray) put fruits and mithai (sweets) and loose flowers.
- At 3.45 p.m. in the afternoon take a bath, do your kusti, light the divo, offer sukhur (sandalwood stickes) and loban (sandalwood powder), recite prayers like Srosh Baj, Gah Prayers, Ardibehesht Yasht and Atash Niyaish and any other prayer you may wish to recite.
- After reciting the prayers, offer adequate sukhur and loban to the fire and shut the kitchen door. The stove is rested from Uzirin Gah till the Havan Geh on Adar Roj, the next day. So the family either has dinner in a restaurant or eats cold food.
- Only family members enter the kitchen at regular intervals to tend the fire and recite their prayers. The fire is kept burning till next morning.
- In the Havan Gah of Adar Mah Adar Roj the kitchen is re-opened and the stove is used to warm milk or make tea and then it is used for cooking.
- The Divo is allowed to burn and the fruits and food which are blessed by Ardibehesht Ameshaspand and Yazata Adar are eaten at breakfast.
Preparations & Rituals were Courtesy: Zoroastrian Studies
For all those who are numerically inclined, Adar is the only Yazad who enjoys the same position – ninth – in the list of the roj and the mah.
As the name suggests Adar yazad presides over all types of fire and fire energies. It is a Hamkar (co-worker) of Ardibahesht Ameshaspand.
The second grade of fire, which we refer to as Adaran, is dedicated to Adar Yazad. That is the reason why sometimes Agyaris are also called Adarans.
These divine fires took the form of Khoreh (Energy) and came into this world. Even today, we remember these fires when we pray the Atash Nyaishna, and we pray that the glory of these fires keep on increasing. This clearly shows that these spiritual fires are beyond the physical form. They look after and protect the world. These three Fires, mentioned together at several places, helped several Iranian kings an heroes.
This part of the piece is derived from a piece of work written by By Er. Dr. Ramiyar P. Karanjia
(Published in Jame Jamshed dated 17th April 2011)